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  • Facts and figures

    About Romania

    Facts and figures

    Flag of Romania: Three vertical stripes: red, yellow and blue.
    – National Day: the 1st of Dec (Unification of the Romanian historical regions)Surface: 238,000 sq. km (11th in Europe, 79th in the World)
    – Population (2011): 19 million (19.042.936)
    – Ethnic Groups (2011): Romanian 88.6%, Hungarian 6.5%, Gipsy 3.2%, Ukrainians, Germans, Turks, Others
    – Religions: Romanian Orthodox 87%, Roman Catholic 5%, Protestant 5%, Greek-Catholic, Unitarian, others
    – Official Language: Romanian
    – Currency: Romanian LEU ( RON )
    – Climate: Temperate with four distinct seasons
    – Main Cities: Bucuresti (capital city), Cluj Napoca, Iasi, Brasov, Constanta, Timisoara
    – Administrative divisions: Bucuresti municipality and other 41 counties
    – Form of State: Semi-parliamentary Republic with two legislative chambers: Chamber of Representatives (Camera Deputatilor) and the Senate (Senat).
    – Legal system: Based on European models and Constitution of 1991.
    – Electoral System: Universal direct suffrage over the age of 18.
    – Head of State: President of the Republic
    – National Government: The government is led by the Prime Minister, nominated by the President of Romania and confirmed by the Parliament.