Castles and Fortresses
Romania offers a large collection of beautiful medieval castles and fortresses that very well illustrates its medieval heritage. Most of them have been built between the 12th and 18th century as strategic points of defense against multiple invaders, those erected after 1800 being more elegant and luxurious. The most popular include the 14th century Corvin Castle, built on the site of a former Roman camp, the elegant 19th century Peles Castle with its 160 rooms filled with priceless European art and, of course, the Bran Castle, built in the mid-1300s and legendary home to Bram Stoker’s Count Dracula.
With almost nine centuries of Saxon presence, central Transylvania claims a specific cultural and architectural heritage unique in Europe; the region is home to nearly 200 Saxon villages, churches and fortifications built between the 13th and 15th centuries. Seven of the fortified Saxon churches (in Biertan, Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor, and Viscri) were designated by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites.